Goal 3: Good health and well-being
A healthy population is a necessary condition for productive human capital and, therefore, for the socio-economic development of the country. Moldova has made significant progress in reducing the maternal mortality rate, and especially the infant and under-five children mortality rate, during the last decade, though these are still fluctuating. Nevertheless, Moldova currently faces significant challenges related to the increasing incidence of communicable and non-communicable diseases. Universal health coverage is not ensured, which represents an important barrier for better and continuous progress in the area. As of 2018, about 88 per cent of the population were covered by the mandatory health insurance system. Thus, on the one side, part of the population does not have full access to health care services and, on the other side, the available resources for guaranteed health care services are limited. Consequently, outdated medical equipment and procedures used by many health care institutions do not allow proper treatment of non-communicable diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, etc. At the same time, the level of information disseminated to the population and the inadequate services provided for patients (in the case of tuberculosis and HIV) determine the continuous spread of several communicable diseases.
For Moldova, Goal 3 of the 2030 Agenda aims to decrease the health-related risks through providing broader access to health care services, including access to quality basic services, and broader access to safe, effective, quality and affordable basic medication and vaccines. Also, the Agenda envisages increased efforts on providing information and education related to health issues, such as healthy lifestyles, promotion of mental health, and sexual and reproductive health care services. In this regard, the goal supports stronger confidentiality between patient and doctor, and elimination of existing barriers related to access to sexual and reproductive health care services. Overall, the agenda on health is not the sole responsibility of health institutions, as wider collaboration with other relevant partners will take place in order to decrease pollution, ensure food safety and enforce control in regard to substance abuse, which will decrease the pressures on the health system.