Goal 2: Zero hunger
Even though it is a lower middle-income country, Moldova still faces issues of malnutrition, low productivity in agriculture and problems with food security. These issues represent consequences of deficiencies in different fields. On one hand, low productivity in the agricultural sector and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events increase the risk of poverty for the part of the population engaged in subsistence agricultural activities (in particular the rural population and self-employed). On the other hand, the current health care system is concerned with stunted growth of children under five years old, anemia among children and women, including pregnant women, and iodine deficiency.
Thus, in Moldova, the 2030 Agenda under Goal 2 puts an emphasis on ending all forms of malnutrition and addressing the nutritional needs of the groups of population affected or at risk, such as children, pregnant and lactating women and the elderly. Moreover, more productive and climate-resilient agricultural practices will be promoted in the country. The agents of this change will include small-scale food producers and agriculture businesses, which should see increased incomes and more secure access to productive resources, inputs, knowledge, financial services and markets. These should help maintain ecosystems and strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather conditions, such as drought, flooding and other disasters, and protection of human health.