Goal 14: Life Below Water
Even though the Republic of Moldova is not a maritime country and SDG 14 focuses at the global level on the ocean and seas ecosystems, the conservation and sustainable use of the country’s inland water resources and river ecosystems should be an important pillar of its sustainable development. Urban and industrial pollution of rivers poses challenges for the population downstream, whose well-being depends on the quality of the water, including farmers using water for irrigation, fishermen and women, tourism entrepreneurs and others.
As part of nationalized targets, Moldova should aim to prevent and significantly reduce the pollution of its surface waters, including rivers, from land-based activities. The Nistru river flows directly into the Black Sea, while the Prut river flows into the Danube river. Two of the country’s specific national goals are recovering the river and water basins’ protective forest strips and understanding better and diminishing the anthropic impact on biodiversity caused by alteration of the water flows courses. Also, considering the relatively low level of fish stocks and their high vulnerability to other risks (such as those induced by climate change), the Republic of Moldova aims to prevent overfishing and to eradicate illegal, unregulated and undeclared fishing.