Goal 12: Responsible consumption and production


Given its strong reliance on the agrifood sector, the reduction of the ecological footprint of economic and human activity and efficient management of national natural resources is essential for Moldova. The domestic policy framework could be even more anchored into the principles of ‘green economy’, ‘sustainable consumption’ or ‘sustainable production’, and the overall understanding of these terms and concepts by the Government, business and society is rather low – and therefore they are totally ignored. Additionally, the country is lacking an integrated waste and chemicals management system, in accordance with international requirements. This issue is even more acute in rural areas, where there are not enough appropriate places for the storage/disposal of waste.

Moldova’s work to achieve Goal 12 aims to produce a shift towards a sustainable way of ‘doing business’ at the policy, firm and population levels. Thus, the principles of sustainable development and procurement, as well as efficient management of national resources, will be fully incorporated into national policymaking and regulations. Industries and businesses will be encouraged to adopt resource-efficient production and to share responsibility for the disposal of toxic waste and pollutants. Meanwhile, the population should acknowledge its responsibility in regard to the consumption of economic goods and natural resources, and reduce waste generation and increase recycling. The synergy and participation of all actors in this production–consumption chain will save and preserve natural resources and reduce the ecological damage caused by economic growth. 


  • Integrate and implement the principles of sustainable consumption and production into relevant national policy
  • By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
    By 2030, significantly reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses.
  • Creation of integrated waste and chemicals management systems that would contribute to a 30% reduction in the amount of landfilled waste and a 20% increase in recycling rate until 2023
  • By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse, especially at the municipal level.
  • Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle
  • Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities
  • By 2030, ensure that people, both in rural and urban areas, have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature
  • By 2020, ensure the climate-resilience by reducing by 50 percent climate-related risks and by facilitating the adaptation in 6 priority sectors – agriculture, water, health, forestry, energy and transport
  • Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
  • Consolidating the institutional framework related to climate change and raise awareness on climate change risks and adaptation measures of all relevant stakeholders, including population
Goals in action
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