Goal 10: Reduced inequalities
Traditionally, the national agenda in Moldova has tended to be focused on social issues: ‘reducing inequality’ and ‘integration of specific segments of population’. Nevertheless, there are still discrepancies in terms of revenues related to education, geographic areas, gender, size of household and other factors. Thus, a household in rural areas, with three and more children and non-university education, has a higher risk of being in poverty. The level of poverty in rural areas is 7.5 times higher than in urban areas. A high share of employed persons, representing 25.5 per cent of households involved in agricultural activities and 6.8 per cent involved in non-agricultural activities, face a risk of being in poverty as their salary is too low to cover minimum living standards – contributing as a result to the informal economy. Migration has contributed to the increase of household revenues by 17.4 per cent, including by 23.4 per cent in rural areas, but the volume of remittances is decreasing. Gender-based discrepancies in wages have increased over the last years, men’s salaries being 13.2 per cent higher than women’s in 2015, which leads to a loss of 2.32 per cent in GDP.
To reduce these inequalities, the 2030 Agenda aims to progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the poorest population at a rate higher than the national average. An important aspect envisaged in this sense is to empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status. At the same time, the Agenda is focusing on an orderly and well-informed migration process.