Goal 10: Reduced inequalities

Traditionally, the national agenda in Moldova has tended to be focused on social issues: ‘reducing inequality’ and ‘integration of specific segments of population’. Nevertheless, there are still discrepancies in terms of revenues related to education, geographic areas, gender, size of household and other factors. Thus, a household in rural areas, with three and more children and non-university education, has a higher risk of being in poverty. The level of poverty in rural areas is 7.5 times higher than in urban areas. A high share of employed persons, representing 25.5 per cent of households involved in agricultural activities and 6.8 per cent involved in non-agricultural activities, face a risk of being in poverty as their salary is too low to cover minimum living standards – contributing as a result to the informal economy. Migration has contributed to the increase of household revenues by 17.4 per cent, including by 23.4 per cent in rural areas, but the volume of remittances is decreasing. Gender-based discrepancies in wages have increased over the last years, men’s salaries being 14.4 per cent higher than women’s in 2018. 

To reduce these inequalities, the 2030 Agenda aims to progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the poorest population at a rate higher than the national average. An important aspect envisaged in this sense is to empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status. At the same time, the Agenda is focusing on an orderly and well-informed migration process.

  • 10.1 By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
  • 10.2 By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
  • 10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
  • 10.4 Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
  • 10.7 Ensure a legal, equitable, well-informed hiring process of migrants

SDG 1SDG 2SDG 3SDG 4SDG 5SDG 6SDG 7SDG 8SDG 9SDG 10SDG 11SDG 12SDG 13SDG 14SDG 15SDG 16SDG 17
Goals in action
SDG 10 SDG 16

UNDP and Sweden support the improvement of efficiency and access to justice

Access to justice is frequently limited for persons living in poverty and those with disabilities, gender-based violence survivors and elderly people…

more ›

SDG 1 SDG 5 SDG 10

COVID-19: Moldova has two measures in place to protect women against violence and should tackle more social and economic impacts, UNDP-UN Women tracker shows

Most of the world’s nations are not doing enough to protect women and girls from the economic and social fallout being caused by the COVID-19 crisis,…

more ›

SDG 1 SDG 8 SDG 10

The diaspora and the local communities are encouraged to make donations on-line for socio-economic development projects

By the end of this year, 21 communities will enjoy illuminated streets, multifunctional tractors, upgraded public squares, parks, roads and sidewalks.…

more ›

UNDP Around the world

You are at UNDP Moldova 
Go to UNDP Global