Goal 1: No poverty
Moldova was strongly affected by poverty in the early years of its transition. Since the relaunch of economic growth in 2000 and intensification of emigration flows, significant progress was achieved in reducing poverty. Thus, the absolute national poverty rate fell from its peak of 73% in 1999 to 9.6% in 2015, and the extreme poverty rate declined from 59.7% to 0.2% in the same period. However, there are still noteworthy differences in poverty rates between rural and urban areas, with rural poverty almost five times higher than urban poverty. Moreover, as a significant part of the rural population is engaged in subsistence agricultural activities, the risk of falling below the poverty line is high in years of climate-related extreme events, such as droughts and floods – events that have recently become frequent. Also, certain groups of the population, such as the elderly and families with many children, are particularly affected by poverty. Therefore, the overall perception of poverty among the population has increased in the last decade and the poverty rate is highly sensitive to small changes in the poverty line.
In Moldova, the 2030 Agenda promotes a sustainable reduction of poverty with the most appropriate measures to support households with low incomes. This implies appropriate social policies that should reach the poor and not only provide complementary financial resources for subsistence but also empower the poor socially and economically. Also, the 2030 Agenda aims to reduce the vulnerability of those who can fall below the poverty line through increased access to property, resources and information.