Goal 1: No poverty

Moldova was strongly affected by poverty in the early years of its transition. Since the relaunch of economic growth in 2000 and intensification of emigration flows, significant progress was achieved in reducing poverty. Thus, the absolute national poverty rate fell from its peak of 73% in 1999 to 9.6% in 2015, and the extreme poverty rate declined from 59.7% to 0.2% in the same period. However, there are still noteworthy differences in poverty rates between rural and urban areas, with rural poverty almost five times higher than urban poverty. Moreover, as a significant part of the rural population is engaged in subsistence agricultural activities, the risk of falling below the poverty line is high in years of climate-related extreme events, such as droughts and floods – events that have recently become frequent. Also, certain groups of the population, such as the elderly and families with many children, are particularly affected by poverty. Therefore, the overall perception of poverty among the population has increased in the last decade and the poverty rate is highly sensitive to small changes in the poverty line.

In Moldova, the 2030 Agenda promotes a sustainable reduction of poverty with the most appropriate measures to support households with low incomes. This implies appropriate social policies that should reach the poor and not only provide complementary financial resources for subsistence but also empower the poor socially and economically. Also, the 2030 Agenda aims to reduce the vulnerability of those who can fall below the poverty line through increased access to property, resources and information.

  • 1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty measured as people living on less than $1.9 a day
  • 1.2 By 2030, reduce by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in absolute and multidimensional poverty according to national definitions and international measure of people living on less than 4.3 $ a day
  • 1.3 Implement nationally appropriate social protection system, including social protection floors. to achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable by 2030
  • 1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance and other resources.
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events, including droughts and floods
  • 1.b Create sound policy frameworks at the national levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support investment in poverty eradication actions

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Goals in action
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SDG 1 SDG 8 SDG 10 SDG 11 SDG 17

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SDG 1 SDG 8 SDG 10

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