Climate change has emerged as one of the most important issues facing the humanity in the 21st century. Countries’ climate pledges towards the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change or Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) provide a framework for guiding national action on climate change mitigation and adaptation. Accelerating climate action requires system-level transformations supported by leadership at the highest levels and by diverse coalitions across all sectors of society.
EU4Climate Project will help governments in the six EU Eastern Partner (EaP) countries Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine to take action against climate change.
The project goal is to contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to the development towards a low-emissions and climate-resilient economy in line with the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change in all six EU EaP countries. It will assist respective countries to integrate the low-emissions and climate resilience objectives into development policies and plans, to improve and consolidate climate policies and legislative alignment. Its ambition is to limit climate change impact on citizens lives and make them more resilient to it.
By these outcomes the Republic Moldova intends to integrate the low-emissions and climate resilience objectives into development policies and plans, as well as to promote in larger extent the economic diversification and green growth, thus accelerating the structural transformations through more effective governance systems.
The scope of the initiative was defined in cooperation with all partner countries. The Initiative builds on important achievements of past cooperation programmes, such as EU ClimaEast Programme, which supported Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Neighborhood East, completed in 2017, as well as on the Low Emission Capacity Building Programme, which supported the establishment of a robust national system to account greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the establishment of a Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system for the Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) and the prioritized domestic National Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), completed in 2016. The EU4Climate takes also into account the enhanced cooperation endorsed as part of "20 Deliverables for 2020" at the EU Eastern Partnership Summit in November 2017.
The initiative is implemented by the United Nations Development Programme. The Directorate-General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations (DG NEAR) and Directorate-General for Climate Action (DG Clima) of the European Commission provides the overall direction.
- To contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to the development towards a low-emissions and climate-resilient economy in line with the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change in all six EU EaP countries;
- To assist EU EaP countries to integrate the low-emissions and climate resilience objectives into development policies and plans, to improve and consolidate climate policies and legislative alignment;
- To limit climate change impact on citizens lives and make them more resilient to it.
- Updated Nationally Determined Contributions and their submission to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC);
- At political and technical levels, improved inter-institutional awareness and coordination on the Paris Agreement with the corresponding national commitments;
- Strengthened MRV systems, with countries getting on track with Paris Agreement transparency requirements;
- Advanced alignment with EU climate acquis as provided by bilateral agreements with EU and in the context of Energy Community Treaty on climate matters that are not covered by the EU4Energy programme;
- Developed sectoral guidelines for the implementation of the Paris Agreement in each of the Eastern Partnership Countries;
- Increased mobilization of climate finance (potential Neighbourhood Investment Platform (NIP)/National Indicative Programme (NIP) proposals and domestic resources);
- Adoption of national and sectoral adaptation plans.