Considering its economic structure and geographic features, Moldova is highly vulnerable to climate change and is exposed to disasters due to hydrometeorological phenomena and natural hazards. While drought and floods are among top hydro-meteorological hazards caused by extreme weather and climate events, due to current and projected abnormal high temperatures leading to water scarcity, the incidence of forest fires is increasingly posing a threat to natural ecosystems, agricultural systems and human settlements.
The country is highly vulnerable and exposed due to its dependence on rain-fed agricultural production, which is tied to climate, making it the most vulnerable of all economic sectors. This is primarily due to limited resources and capacities to plan and put in place water storage facilities for irrigation needs in rural communities, especially since climate projections show larger rainfall events in the future, which could feed such facilities. Because of the projected decrease in surface water availability by 16-20% by 2020 due to climate change, the water supply for all users requires adaptation options to reduce the vulnerability of rural communities related to water stress.
The project is supporting implementation of climate-smart water management solutions for agriculture, flood management and fire prevention and expansion of community-based rescue/firefighting teams in selected rural communities of Republic of Moldova with the purpose of reducing the exposure and vulnerability of rural communities to climate change and disaster risks
The overall objective of the project is to increase resilience and adaptive capacities of rural communities to climate change and disasters through improved water storage infrastructures and disaster risk reduction measures.
- Create an enabling environment for local resilient livelihoods through improved climate-sensitive planning and climate-smart agriculture approaches at community level to increase water availability for agricultural livelihoods and protect from floods;
- Enhance local disaster risk reduction capacities in a decentralized manner through establishment of capacitated community-based rescue and firefighting brigades with access to resources for response and recovery needs.
- 990 smoke detectors installed in vulnerable households from 5 target districts to reduce vulnerability and exposure to fire events;
- An information campaign on disaster risk prevention measures was conducted in 5 districts of Moldova and reflective vests, leaflets, calendars and other information materials were distributed to increase awareness of the local population on fire events and other climate-induced disasters;
- €100,000 were leveraged from the Estonian Ministry of External Affairs and 3.3 mil. MDL from the Local Public Authorities for the construction of 4 local firefighting stations to enable quality rescue and firefighting services for at least 33 communities reaching a population of approximately 80,000 people;
- 10 agricultural producers were selected for the establishment of precipitation accumulation basins as a result of a public competition and who subsequently will have access to irrigation and increased climate resilience;
- Cooperation with the UNDP-Czech Trust Fund and the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations was set up for the purpose of introducing new normative acts and European practices on firefighting volunteering in Republic of Moldova;
- Establishment of mobile triage centers to support the National Inspectorate for Emergency Situations COVID-19 related field interventions.