Nistru Hydro Power Complex Social and Environmental Impact Study

Status: Active
Duration: 2018 – 2022
Budget: US$653,452
Coverage: Republic of Moldova
Beneficiaries: Government of Moldova
Focus Area: Climate Change, Environment & Energy
Partners: Ministry of Environment
Project Document: Nistru Hydro Power Complex Social and Environmental Impact Study
See more information about the project on the transparency portal.

Project Summary:

The Dniester Hydro Power Complex (HPC) is functioning for many years and various environmental impacts and other consequences of its operation were registered on the Nistru river downstream, including hydropeaking, altering water flow and spatial pattern of temperature, fluctuating water level, drastic slowing up of the gravel and sand sediments movement, etc.

Currently, the Agreement on functioning of the Dniester HPC is being developed and negotiated between the Governments of Moldova and Ukraine. It aims to provide the legal background for functioning of HPC and its further extension, as well as to establish responsibilities of both contracting parties in terms of ensuring safety of the HPC functioning. To fully consider in the Agreement all the concerns regarding protection of the Nistru river against hydro-power generation impacts, it is essential to carry out a comprehensive study and assessments covering a wide range of issues linked to the hydropower generated impacts on the Moldovan part of the Nistru river, and to provide essential legal and negotiation support to Moldova in the course of the Agreement elaboration and negotiation.


  • To ensure that the Government of the Republic of Moldova is aware of the impacts of the functioning of the Dniester HPC;
  • To provide public with science-based information on the current and potential impacts of the functioning of the Dniester HPC.

Expected results:

  • Detailed Study on current and potential environmental and socio-economic impacts on the territory of Moldova resulting from operation of the hydro power generation facilities on the Nistru river elaborated, and the findings widely distributed;
  • Capacities of the Moldovan negotiation team (men and women) enhanced;
  • Science-based information on the current and potential impacts of the functioning of the Dniester HPC provided.


  • Support to the Moldovan Government through four water diplomacy workshops;
  • A field survey was conducted on five critical points of Nistru to collect information on chemical indicators, water biology indicators and riparian biodiversity. The results will be included in environmental and socio-economic impacts assessment;
  • An online awareness-rising online campaign dedicated to the Nistru Day was conducted;
  • Completion of data collection process and its systematization within the sub-studies;
  • A research visit and exchange of good practices for the operation of Hydropower plants in a cross-border context, as well as in water management based on river basins (Imatra – Helsinki, Finland);
  • Organization of a workshop dedicated to negotiation techniques for the members of the Nistru Commission and the representatives of the negotiating team of the Agreement on the functioning of Dniester Hydro Power Complex;
  • Drawing up a new draft Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Moldova and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on operating rules of the Dniester Hydro Power Complex.
Years Budget Delivery
2018 $38,148 $14,827
2019 $451,461 $301,542
2020 $185,199 $90,201
2021 $246,882  
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