Eight Goals for 2015
UNDP’s Leadership on MDGs in Moldova
MDGs in Moldova
The Republic of Moldova adopted the Millennium Declaration at the Millennium Summit in New York in 2000, which brought together 189 nations, committing itself to achieving eight development goals which range from halving extreme poverty to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education, all by the target date of 2015.
Moldova has been committed to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), linking its national development planning and undertaking actions to accomplish them through cooperation with all partners – central and local authorities, civil society organizations, development partners, private sector and every individual citizen.
Since 2000, Moldova has made significant progress across most of Goals, particularly in reducing poverty and infant mortality and ensuring access to compulsory education. According to the Third MDGs Report, released in September 2013, the main drawback observed across all of the 8 Goals is the gap between the rural and urban living standards, which has actually increased in recent years. People in rural areas continue to have limited access to basic assets and services, such as water and sewerage supply, health and education services.
The lack of economic and social infrastructure, together with the absence of viable economic alternatives, forces the population to migrate. Children from the less financially well-to-do families are less likely to be enrolled in kindergartens.
The participation of women in the decision-making process, especially at higher levels, is modest and women have fewer economic opportunities compared to men.
The perpetuation of these development problems could magnify emigration trends in the near future, which in spite of short-term advantages, actually carries long-term risk: a brain waste from both a qualitative and quantitative point of view.
In other areas, more sustained effort is needed to achieve the national targets by 2015. In particular, targets in areas such as HIV/AIDS and access to improved water sources and sewerage are unlikely to be reached.
Post 2015 Consultations
The MDGs, which will expire in 2015, have galvanized political attention and donor support to halve poverty, secure universal education, empower girls and women, promote child and maternal health, tackle HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis, protect the environment, and consolidate global partnerships for development. As the expiry date draws closer, it is important to set new goals for the post-2015 period, thereby sustaining the focus and commitment of international actors.
Moldova is among 88 countries which conducted national consultations on the post-2015 development agenda. Over 7000 people who participated in the national post-2015 consultations talked about the future they want, the long-term challenges and development risks for the Republic of Moldova, and proposed a number of recommendations how to address those.
The national consultations revealed a number of frequently-mentioned common topics in the discussions of various groups. Low income and social benefits, poverty and lack of decent jobs is the main concern voiced by participants. The second major topic reflects people’s concerns about the poor access to and precarious quality of basic services, such as education and health, as well as the basic infrastructure, such as water and sewerage.
Quality of governance ranks third in the list of main concerns with people calling for more action to reduce corruption, increase trust in the judiciary, and ensure more human rights protection.
Speaking about migration, participants pointed out its two-sided effects: the crucial role in stimulating consumption and reducing poverty and the burden on communities and families, children left behind, as well as on labor market for economic development.
Another important problem mentioned by the participants of the post-2015 consultations refers to the need for a cleaner environment, as one of the key aspects for the present and future generations.
Also one of the most alarming concerns revealed by the consultations is the existing inequalities and how these generate social exclusion, society’s division, and lack of trust in the fairness of wider social outcomes.