environment & energy
UNDP activities in the areas of climate change, environment and energy range from provision of support for development of environment-friendly and climate-sensitive national and local policies and legal frameworks to piloting of on-the-ground solutions enabling modernization of the respective sectors, as well as technology transfer and alignment with the commitments assumed under the 32 Multilateral Environmental Conventions, Protocols and Agreements to which Moldova is party. While the main beneficiaries of the policy and legal frameworks are the central and local public authorities, through the piloted demonstration projects UNDP is reaching out to the NGOs, urban and rural communities and private sector to increase their capacities for climate change adaptation and mitigation, access to affordable renewable energy and energy efficiency measures, disaster risk reduction, climate-smart agricultural practices and livelihoods, sound management of priority waste streams and chemicals, and equitable participation in natural resources management.
Climate change adaptation and disaster risk management
While the institutionalization of the climate change adaptation coordination mechanisms, as well as of the climate-related budget planning process is under way with UNDP support, a number of efforts have been undertaken to strengthen the capacities of the State Hydro-Meteorological Service to perform in line with the EU Meteoalarm standards and to provide quality and hydrological services. At the same time, with UNDP assistance, the National Disaster Risk Management Strategy and Action Plan have been drafted. This covers the whole cycle of disaster risk management, with a focus on prevention and preparedness. At a local level, the piloted IT solutions for crisis prevention and early warning are increasing the institutional capacity of the Emergency Situations General Inspectorate to serve local communities. UNDP is piloting climate adaptation solutions in the water and civil protection sectors supporting strengthening of the adaptive capacities of rural communities.
Low emission and green urban development
UNDP supported the Government in developing a Low Emission Development Strategy, including a prioritized list of nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs). UNDP also helped to strengthen and institutionalize a robust national greenhouse gas inventory system and the associated monitoring, reporting and verification mechanisms for NAMAs. Additional effort is allocated to support the Government of Moldova in development and implementation of climate-related policies in line with the commitments assumed under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. To support Moldova’s future energy security, UNDP completed a flagship EU-funded intervention promoting the use of biomass from agricultural waste and solar energy, which is combining the social and environmental benefits of improved heating in public buildings and households from which benefited around 199,000 people. The programme also contributed to CO2 emission reduction of 70,000 tones/year. Additional 200,000 tons of CO2eq reduction is being sought through piloting of concrete demonstration projects in the buildings energy efficiency, transport and waste sectors. To support the municipality of Chisinau in addressing the growing urban issues, a Green City Lab will be established to become a vehicle for mobilization of resources for low-carbon green urban development.
Emphasis is placed on economic valuation of the ecosystem’s goods and services, while encouraging participation of women and under-represented groups in decision-making over the use of these biological resources. Putting a value on nature is hoped to provide the economic arguments necessary for policymakers to invest in protected areas and biodiversity conservation while at the same time generating alternative improved livelihood sources at the community level. Mainstreaming biodiversity conservation into land-use practices and territorial planning is another focus of UNDP interventions aimed at supporting local public authorities in harnessing the economic potential of biodiversity in local development.
Chemicals and waste management
UNDP and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) support Moldova in fulfilling its international commitments under the Montreal Protocol for the phasing out of ozone-depleting substances: it successfully reached the 10% reduction target for hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) by 2015. UNDP is setting up institutional and technical capacities for achieving the next HCFC phase-out target of 35% by 2020. Opportunities for supporting operationalization of the Extended Producer Responsibility principle for the electric and electronic waste streams are being explored in line with the circular economy approach, as well as for the plastics and packaging. To enhance protection of human health and the environment, environmentally sound management practices are piloted for waste streams containing POPs, anthropogenic mercury and for healthcare waste.