Climate risks, biodiversity loss & energy dependence
Moldova is highly vulnerable to climate change and related disasters, with an average annual economic loss of 2.13% GDP. The country’s unique biodiversity is currently threatened by climate change, habitat fragmentation and over-exploitation. Enforcement of environmental legislation is lagging behind European standards, leading to environmental degradation, pollution and unsustainable use of natural resources. Moldova is still highly dependent on external energy sources. While there is a decrease in the country’s energy intensity, it is still higher than the average energy intensity in the EU countries by 29%.
Renewables. Green development. Mitigation and adaptation
UNDP is assisting the Government of Moldova in its transition towards low-emission and climate-resilient development, by building up institutional, legal and individual capacities to respond to climate-related and human-made disasters.
A special focus is placed on exploring the mitigation potential through promotion of renewable energy solutions, which currently is standing at 27.6% in the total energy mix, energy efficiency measures and resource efficiency production and consumption. At the same time, support to the reform and modernization of environmental management systems conducive to green development and EU standards are being provided.