Goal 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure
Moldova is a small country with a resource scarce economy and its industrial potential remains untapped, with only a 12 per cent share in GDP and employment (as at 2015). At the same time, according to the Global Competitiveness Report 2016–2017, Moldova ranks 132nd on quality of roads and 110th on quality of the overall infrastructure (out of 138 countries ranked). In terms of innovation capacity, Moldova is ranked 124th, according to the same report.
Under Goal 9, the country must put effort into building a robust industrial sector that will secure generation of high manufacturing value-added, long-term jobs, economic growth and the well-being of the population. To obtain this, the Government and its partners will have to develop affordable and accessible physical and business infrastructure in the regions, making that infrastructure reliable, sustainable and resilient. New jobs should be created in the industrial sector and more industrial production should be generated, including through increased contribution of small-scale enterprises, resource-use efficiency, technological upgrade and innovation.
The described development efforts will target small industries, which will get increased access to financial services, along with knowledge, technology and development; the rural population, which will enjoy accessible infrastructure for economic development and human well-being; and women and men, who will equally benefit from employment opportunities created by manufacturing. Also, the environmental cost is expected to decrease due to less use of natural inputs and emissions to land, water and air by industry.