Goal 5: Gender equality

 

Although gender equality, as one of the Millennium Development Goals, has been on the national agenda for many years, women still face important challenges in terms of empowerment. Women in Moldova continue to be under-represented in the political and public decision-making process. Women represent one in five of Members of Parliament or local mayors, one in four business managers or heads of ministries, and one in three local councillors. The employment rate of women (37%) is lower that of men (42%) even though women’s proportion in the total population is a bit higher (52%, compared to 48%). The employment rate is lower for women with children (51% for those with one child and 48% for those with three or more children, compared to 58% for women with no children) and 27% of employed women are involved in informal jobs. On the other hand, only 5% of men benefit from allowances for raising children (compared to 94% of women) and only 22% of teachers are men. About 66% of women’s total working time is made up by unpaid work (mainly domestic and care work), while men allocate twice as little time for this activity. On average, men get 12.4% higher wages than women. One in four women (27%) above 15 years old have experienced at least one type of violence in the family over the last 12 months.

The 2030 Agenda represents an opportunity for Moldova to switch from institutional and regulatory development to actual elimination of phenomena like gender-based discrimination and prevention of violence against women and girls so that their effect on the gender inequality in the country is minimized and women’s rights are fully realized. Moldova’s women and men need an equitable approach in social insurance policies, in social protection and health care, accompanied by relevant infrastructures and services. They should enjoy equal treatment regarding labour and payment, distribution of unpaid domestic and care work, access to and delivery of goods and services, and social security. Women must be promoted in entrepreneurship and facilitated through being given access to financial resources. Women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making need to be ensured.

 

  • End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls
  • Prevention and elimination of violence against girls and women, including trafficking
  • Eliminate early and forced marriages with children
  • Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies
  • Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life
  • Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning and to sexual and reproductive information and education

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Goals in action
SDG 5 SDG 16

Analysis: The effect of the mixed electoral system on gender equality in parliamentary elections

Today, on 28 May 2019, the Central Electoral Commission and UNDP Moldova presented the gender equality analysis of the February 2019 parliamentary…

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SDG 4 SDG 5 SDG 16

“Daddy beats Mommy... I'm scared!” Teachers from Gagauzia region trained in response to domestic violence

For the first time, dozens of teachers from Gagauz-Yeri region of Moldova have been trained how to react when they spot incidents of violence in the…

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SDG 5 SDG 16

A scan of psychological violence in Moldovan elections

The electoral campaign in 2019 general elections - between debates on governance programs and personal attacks.

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