Considering its economic structure and geographic features, the Republic of Moldova is highly vulnerable to climate change. A key area of exposure is the fact that agriculture provides livelihood opportunities to more than half of the population, and the sector is technologically underdeveloped and not sufficiently adapted to climate change risks. Droughts are the most damaging climate-related hazards, causing in 2012 directed losses amounting to 6 per cent of GDP. Subsistence-oriented farms and rural households are particularly vulnerable, because of a lack of means for species diversification and issues of access to public subsidies and insurance services. In the southern part of the country, the geographic and weather peculiarities magnify the economic vulnerability of farmers. Besides having a direct impact on the agricultural sector, climate changes poses risks for the quality and availability of water. Climate change also increases the risks of deaths and diseases related to heat waves and inundations. The observable impact of climate change also includes lowering the regeneration capacity of forests, trees density and species survival. Higher incidence of extreme weather and climate inducing natural hazards is also expected to increase the energy demand and the pressures on the physical infrastructure.
In the Global Agenda 2030, SDG 13 focuses on adaptability and on fostering resilience to climate change. At the national level, the climate-related risks are well known and are adequately reflected in the national development framework. The Climate Change Adaptation Strategy has been conceived to enhance the resilience to climate-induced hazards, including through halving the climate change vulnerability in the priority sectors, including agricultural, water resources, health, forestry, energy and transport. Integrating climate-change adaptation policies in sector-level policies is another national priority. Additionally, the country aims to develop its institutional framework in the climate change domain and to raise awareness of all stakeholders, including the population, regarding climate change-related risks and adaptation measures.
Goals in action
For Vasile Baciu, a farmer from Sadaclia village located in the southern part of the Republic of Moldova, the best part of 2015 was receiving a grant from the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management of the Republic of Austria UNDP-supported project to purchase advanced farming equipment and receive training in climate-resilient farming practices. MORE >
In the small town of Sîngerei, in northern Moldova, women have been trained to start sustainable businesses. The aim is to empower women and encourage equal participation in resilience-building activities, including training in climate-resilient farming practices. MORE >
In Moldova, climate change represents a serious threat to the energy sector. With higher temperatures, fluctuating rainfall, and an increasing number and severity of extreme weather events, climate impacts are decreasing the efficiency of power stations and pipelines, and compromising energy production and delivery. MORE >