Moldova was strongly affected by poverty in the early years of its transition. Since the relaunch of economic growth in 2000 and intensification of emigration flows, significant progress was achieved in reducing poverty. Thus, the absolute national poverty rate fell from its peak of 73% in 1999 to 9.6% in 2015, and the extreme poverty rate declined from 59.7% to 0.2% in the same period. However, there are still noteworthy differences in poverty rates between rural and urban areas, with rural poverty almost five times higher than urban poverty. Moreover, as a significant part of the rural population is engaged in subsistence agricultural activities, the risk of falling below the poverty line is high in years of climate-related extreme events, such as droughts and floods – events that have recently become frequent. Also, certain groups of the population, such as the elderly and families with many children, are particularly affected by poverty. Therefore, the overall perception of poverty among the population has increased in the last decade and the poverty rate is highly sensitive to small changes in the poverty line.
In Moldova, the 2030 Agenda promotes a sustainable reduction of poverty with the most appropriate measures to support households with low incomes. This implies appropriate social policies that should reach the poor and not only provide complementary financial resources for subsistence but also empower the poor socially and economically. Also, the 2030 Agenda aims to reduce the vulnerability of those who can fall below the poverty line through increased access to property, resources and information.
Goals in action
The standard approach to measuring poverty is monetary metrics or the international poverty line, which in October 2015 was updated to $1.9 from $1.25 per day. Monetary poverty is at the core for the progress indicators under MDG1 and to a significant extent under SDG1. The main advantages of this approach are its relative easiness to measure and international comparability. The key disadvantage is however that it fails to grasp multiple deprivations including access to basic services, such as health and education. MORE >
In April-May 2017, the National Bureau of Statistics, with the support of the United Nations, will hold 10 consultations with men and women from vulnerable groups such as elderly, unemployed, single parents, migrants, etc. These will facilitate the collection of data that mirror multiple dimensions of poverty, such as access to health, education, transport and other services. MORE >
Social laundry and socialization service – a model of social inclusion for elderly in rural community
Singereii Noi is a village with more than 900 elderly people (800 women), 90 of them with various disabilities (70 women). As major part of oldpeople in Moldova, they have scarce living conditions and are extremely vulnerable. MORE >