Post-2015 Development Agenda: Final report on consultations in the Republic of Moldova: a verification of reality, a vision for future
The report expresses the vision of people in the Republic of Moldova about the future they want after 2015
The report summarizes the results of the consultations about the future people of Moldova want after 2015, when the Millennium Development Goals expire, presenting the real picture of the current concerns and future aspirations of the country.
Those over 7000 people who participated in the national post-2015 consultations talked about the future they want, the long-term challenges and development risks for the Republic of Moldova, and proposed a number of recommendations how to address those.
The Post-2015 national consultations were held during November 2012 – March 2013, with the support of the United Nations in Moldova and were facilitated by the Independent Think Tank, EXPERT-GRUP. The United Nations ensured a participative and inclusive process of these consultations, with the final report featuring the common voice of public servants, officials, civil society, grass root organizations, private sector, trade-unions, employers’ association, migrants, academia, Moldovan diaspora representatives, as well as the groups usually excluded from public debates and whose opinion is not always heard.
The post-2015 national consultations were preceded by an active communication campaign, two large surveys – a nation-wide sociological poll and an on-line survey, 15 territorial consultations with focus groups, 8 special reunions and a National Workshop to validate the results of the consultations.
“We have been impressed by the richness of the national discussions wherein many Moldovans had a chance to share their views on the future they want”, said Nicola Harrington-Buhay, UN Resident Coordinator in Moldova. “We were particularly impressed by Moldova's young generation, whose voice came out strongly for a harmonious society in which all people can fulfill their potential, and a future where poverty is history”.
The results of the consultations are presented in the Report around five key areas:
1. Good governance and human rights;
2. Education, jobs and sustainable economic development;
3. An inclusive, tolerant, and cohesive society;
4. Sustainable environment;
5. Discrepancies between rural and urban areas.
These findings are followed by several challenges and long-term development risks for the Republic of Moldova, identified during the consultations, as well as a series of recommendations for the Government and other stakeholders, in particular the development partners and international organizations.
The national consultations about the future Moldova wants after 2015 –when the deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals expires, have revealed a number of frequently-mentioned common topics in the discussions of various groups. Low income and social benefits, poverty and lack of decent jobs is the main concern voiced by participants of the national survey, regional consultations and on-line poll. The second major topic reflects people’s concerns about the poor access to and precarious quality of basic services, such as education and health, as well as the basic infrastructure, such as water and sewerage.
Quality of governance ranks third in the list of main concerns with people calling for more action to reduce corruption, increase trust in the judiciary, and ensure more human rights protection.
Speaking about migration, participants pointed out its two-sided effects: the crucial role in stimulating consumption and reducing poverty and the burden on communities and families, children left behind, as well as on labor market for economic development.
Another important problem mentioned by the participants of the post-2015 consultations refers to the need for a cleaner environment, as one of the key aspects for the present and future generations.
Also one of the most alarming concerns revealed by the consultations is the existing inequalities and how these generate social exclusion, society’s division, and lack of trust in the fairness of wider social outcomes.
The aspirations voiced by participating groups include the wish to live in a country free of poverty and corruption, with an attractive business environment, and a fair justice system, wherein the society is united for a common goal and is based on mutual respect, and people enjoy universal access to qualitative education and health services. Many participants consider that migrants’ return is an important factor to transform these aspirations into reality.
The report has revealed a surprising difference in the perception of some concerns by rural and urban population. The rural inhabitants are more concerned with low incomes, tense family relations, poor health services, water pollution, and infrastructure; while urban population paid more attention to better education, a more tolerant society based on cohesion, personal security, participation in decision-making, trust in justice and protection of human rights. These differences illustrate the essence of the rural-urban gap and point out the main development challenges the country should tackle to reduce this gap.
The Republic of Moldova is among the 88 world countries to carry out extensive national consultations about the future its people want. The results of the national consultations will provide a platform for the UN – Moldova dialogue on the post-2015 agenda and will help convey Moldova’s vision on its future in the global development framework.
Alexandru Oprunenco, Policy Specialist, UNDP, Tel. (022) 269 202, firstname.lastname@example.org
Ludmila Tiganu, Communication Specialist, (022) 269 112, email@example.com