UNDP is assisting the Government in its efforts towards increasing coherence with the EU acquis and improving compliance with commitments under the main Multilateral Environment Agreements to which Moldova is a party.
Our activities range from supporting policy development and legal and institutional reforms aiming at improved capacities and modernized environmental governance and practices at central and local levels, as well as concrete interventions for improved livelihoods, energy access and environmental conditions on the ground.
Priority areas of intervention are climate change adaptation and mitigation, disaster risk management, renewable energy and energy efficiency, biodiversity conservation and chemicals management.
Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management
UNDP supports both the development of climate change adaptation and disaster risk management policies as well as strengthening the national strategic and institutional framework for Disaster Risk Management, enhancing preparedness and more efficient and rapid response. This goes hand in hand with reducing vulnerabilities of communities and increasing local level climate risk assessment and management capacities.
10 communities prone to floods, droughts, landslides and other natural disasters piloted innovative risk reduction measures and know how to better integrate these risk in local level development planning. With support of international expertise, a National Adaptation Strategy was drafted and the Development of a National Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy for Moldova has been initiated. In the future, the elaboration of a concrete National Climate Change Adaptation Plan will be supported along with demonstrating sustainable eco-system based adaptation options.
In cases of emergency, UNDP together with the UN Country Team assists the Government in assessing the impacts of the disaster and immediate needs and provides assistance for early and longer term recovery. For example, following the large scale drought in 2007, more than 1,100 vulnerable families received support to be able to sustain their livestock during the critical winter months.
Low Emission Development
Moldova is characterised by high dependence on external energy sources and low efficiency in energy production and consumption; therefore Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency are high on the government’s agenda and remain key programmatic areas for UNDP support. In addition, Moldova has ambitions targets in reducing its Green House Gas emissions and greening its economic growth.
A country wide EU-funded intervention on promoting the use of biomass from agricultural wastes is combining the social and environmental benefits through increased heat comfort in public buildings and reduced emissions with the creation of economic opportunities and income in rural areas of Moldova (triple win). With support of targeted supply and demand side measures, the domestic market for biomass fuels and technologies is gradually developed. More than 20,000 children in rural areas of Moldova are already benefitting from warmer classrooms and kindergartens and more than 220 new green jobs were created.
In support of a green low-emission development path emphasis is placed on creating the strategic, analytical and institutional prerequisites for accessing different sources and instruments of climate finance. In this context, UNDP supported the Government in developing a Low Emission Development Strategy, including a prioritized list of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs), and will continue to assist strengthening and institutionalizing a robust national Green House Gas Inventory System and the associated Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) mechanisms.
Protecting and efficiently managing the country’s unique biodiversity, natural resources, ecosystems and landscapes continues to be a key national priority and significant area of UNDP work, contributing to the advancement of the strategic framework and tangible progress towards improved protection of Moldova’s significant biodiversity values at different levels.
With GEF support, the national Protected Area System and its management are strengthened, including through the creation of Moldova’s first National Park in Orhei region. The National Park provides an important framework for demonstrating models for sustainable rural and local development, focusing on alternative income and job creation while preserving the region’s unique natural capital.
In line with the 2011-2020 Strategic Plan of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, with UNDP and GEF support a participatory multi-stakeholder process for the development of the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan is underway, with a focus on mainstreaming biodiversity priorities into national and sector development strategies.
Recognising that a stable biological diversity is essential for an agricultural economy, agricultural activity and land use being at the same time major biodiversity threats, UNDP is planning to continue its support in this area with a new initiative focusing on mainstreaming biodiversity conservation into agricultural practices and territorial planning.
In the area of Sound Chemicals Management, UNDP supports the national strategic planning processes with a focus on mainstreaming the priority issues into national and sector development strategies, contributing to increased ownership for the protection from chemicals risks and hazards and minimizing the significant adverse effects of these on human health and the environment. In this context, the draft Law on Chemicals which is a fundamental building block for improved chemicals management was fully revised in accordance with EU requirements.
UNDP and UNEP are supporting the country in fulfilling its international commitments under the Montreal Protocol in relation to the phasing-out of Ozone-depleting substances. The implementation of the Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) Phase-out Management Plan is contributing to freezing the consumption of these substances, mostly used in refrigeration and air conditioning equipment, by 2013 and significantly reducing it subsequently.
UNDP places special emphasis on strengthening the effective involvement of NGOs in the development, implementation and monitoring of environmental policies. The UNDP Small Grants Scheme for environmental NGOs and community-based organizations implemented from 2008 – 2012 resulted in a stronger NGO landscape throughout Moldova, which is better able to address environmental problems at the local level while at the same time contributing to the socio-economic wellbeing of communities. In 2012 the Global Environment Facility’s Small Grants Scheme was initiated in Moldova (implemented by UNOPS), laying the basis for up-scaling NGOs and CBOs initiatives in environment protection and sustainable development at the community level in areas such as biodiversity conservation, elimination of persistent organic pollutants and climate change mitigation.