Moldova Democracy Programme

Project Summary

woman speaking at the mike

The Moldova Democracy Programme is aimed at strengthening the institutional capacity of the Parliament and Central Electoral Commission of the Republic of Moldova, improving their main functions and entrenching gender and human rights aspects in formal political and electoral process.

Parliamentary assistance and electoral support are integral parts of UNDP’s democratic governance assistance worldwide. UNDP helps nations build or renew democratic frameworks to improve representation, accountability and transparency for the benefit of citizens.

The overarching goal of the Programme is to improve the quality of the Moldovan democratic processes and systems in line with European standards.

Objectives:

  • The quality of Moldova’s formal political processes improved;
  • The quality of both the representative and oversight role of the Parliament fostered;
  • Electoral management bodies deliver inclusive, modern and transparent electoral processes.

PARLIAMENT COMPONENT



Output 1 Improving the institutional capacity of the Parliament to meet European standards of gender and human rights

Expected results:

  1. An inclusive women caucus in the Parliament
  2. A shared approach to human rights mainstreaming
  3. High quality cooperation between the Parliamentary Advocates and the Parliament

Output 2 Strengthening the legislative and oversight functions of the Parliament

Expected results:

  1. Strengthened parliamentary oversight on human rights
  2. Strengthened parliamentary oversight on budget implementation

Output 3 Fostering the quality of the representative role of the Parliament and promoting more interaction between Members of Parliament, citizens and civil society

Expected results:

  1. More interaction between Members of Parliament, citizens and civil society
  2. Establishment and development of initially three constituency offices
  3. Decentralized Public Hearings

Accomplishments:

  • Over the past four years, the legislation process benefits from public consultations and field visits. Oversight of the budget and laws is being conducted through better informed and capacitated committees.
  • Representation has improved through parliamentary outreach and communication, as well as through increased access like the recent opening of four constituent offices in Edinet, Orhei, Leova and Comrat.
  • In Parliament, skills and capacities of both members and staffers have been increased to review policy, legislative and budgetary issues and more effectively oversee their implementation.
  • The Programme supported the establishment of the Women’s MPs Platform (caucus) within the Parliament. The Programme provided support for the first Gender Audit of Parliament and the elaboration of the Gender Equality Action Plan 2015-2017. Gender equality and human rights aspects were integrated in the Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) of the Parliamentary Constituency and Information Offices.
  • The Parliament is increasingly using the oversight tools established with the Programme’s assistance such as public hearings and fact-finding field visits. Guidelines for the operation of the Visitors and Information Centre were developed. Members of Parliament and parliamentary staff were trained on communications and presentation skills.
  • We supported the Parliament to develop better legislation and policy documents. Amendments to the parliamentary Rules and Procedures strengthening the committees’ role on EU matters were developed and staff’s skills enhanced through training provided. The Parliamentary Council for European Integration was established. The Council ensures parliamentary oversight of the implementation of the EU-Moldova Association Agreement and of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement.
  • The Programme provided support for strengthening the role of Parliament and parliamentarians in preventing and curbing corruption. The Programme provided expert guidance and advice to the Parliament in applying the Anti-corruption Self-Assessment Tool for parliamentarians, thus evaluating institution’ effectiveness in combating corruption in the country. As a follow-up, the Anti-corruption Action Plan of the Parliament 2016-2018, outlining 60 initiatives was adopted. With the Programme’s support, 8 Members of Parliament of Moldova, representatives of different political groups, constituted the Moldova GOPAC Chapter, a platform to fight corruption.

ELECTORAL COMPONENT

Output 1. Capacities of electoral administration on central, territorial and local levels to deliver inclusive and professional elections improved and gender and human rights mainstreamed;

Expected results:

  1. CEC more professional organization integrating gender equality and Human Rights policies in its regular activities;
  2. CEC capacity on political party finance legislation implementation strengthened;
  3. Capacities of Gagauz electoral administration enhanced;
  4. CCET (Centre for Continuous Electoral Training) is a professional and well regarded institution of training on electoral and other issues with its strategic development plans in place and electoral administrators on district and local level more professional.

Output 2. Strategic and legal framework conducive to trustworthy and transparent electoral process based on official data using modern technological developments;

Expected results:

  1. SAISE concept re-evaluated and updated and concept on electronic/internet voting developed;
  2. Concept on population registration system developed;
  3. Electoral system in place meeting objectives of peoples’ representatives and international standards on human rights, including the rights of disabled

Output 3. State IT systems ensure electoral administration in line with strategic and legal framework and modern technological developments on a sustainable basis;

Expected results:

  1. SRV (State Register of Voters) further developed and maintenance ensured and further functions of CEC IT systems enhanced;
  2. Address register strategic and legislative framework in place and address register developed;
  3.  Key registers for functioning of SRV developed;
  4. Interoperability among address register, SRV, SRP (State Register of Population) and other registers ensured.

Output 4. Public better informed and engaged in electoral processes on central, territorial and local levels;

Expected results:

  1. Increased awareness of elections among special groups of voters and understanding of electoral processes in relation to elections in ATU Gagauzia ensured;
  2. Civil society strengthened  

Accomplishments:

  • In premiere, during the 2014 Parliamentary Elections the CEC began to use advanced methods of election administration using the State Automated Information System- Elections (SAISE) supported by the Programme.
  • The CEC improved its capacities to manage the electoral process in an inclusive and transparent manner with gender mainstreamed.
  • The 2016 Presidential Elections was conducted by applying best international standards and setting new regional standards due to high quality level of electoral trainings provided by the Centre for Continious Electoral Training (CCET) and the innovative presentation of the sex-disaggregated data for 2014-2015 elections.
  • The CEC was enabled to start also tight colaboration with national public institutions responsible for the population registration data, critical for the quality of the State Register of Voters adminstered by the CEC, such as the Civil Status Service, E-Governance Centre and State Enterprise “Cadastru”.
  • The re-engeneered Civil Status Service business processes, a new Law on interoperability for the E-Governance Centre, a new Address System legal and regulatory framework and a new Address Register were developed, laying the purpose of enchaned data quality.
  • During the electoral cycles 2012-2016 the Programme supported the CEC and the CCET in reaching out the voters and informing the general public on the voting process.
  • In accordance with the Law 101, the CEC undertook the first steps to pilot the internet voting as a remote voting tool during the 2018 Parliamentary Elections to have a more inclusive approach towards the diaspora.

Budget:

Years Donors
Government of Sweden Government of Norway Government of Denmark Government of Netherlands UNDP USAID
Government of MD (CEC)
2012 995,857 USD   522,617 USD        
2013 1,214,513 USD   359,774 USD
    28,240 USD  
2014 1,734,522 USD 1,190,916 USD   40,003 USD     153,119 USD
2015 1,618,828 USD
          9,145 USD
2016

684,537 USD

520,958 USD     95,000 USD   37,706 USD

Delivery:

Years Amount
2012 1,518,440 USD
2013 1,479,368 USD
2014 2,079,139 USD
2015

2,262,655 USD

2016 1,564,502.15 USD

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