EU Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine
The EU Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM) was launched in 2005 following a request made jointly by the presidents of the Republic Moldova and Ukraine.
EUBAM is an advisory, technical body; it has no executive powers. The Mission is seeking to make a sustainable contribution to the development of border-management procedures that meet European Union standards and serve the legitimate needs of Moldovan and Ukrainian citizens, travelers, and trade, which in turn enhances regional security and supports economic development.
- Work with Moldova and Ukraine to harmonise their border management standards and procedures with those prevalent in EU Member States;
- Help enhance the professional capacities of the Moldovan and Ukrainian customs and border guard services at the operational level;
- Improve cooperation between the border guard and customs services and with other law enforcement agencies, and to facilitate cross-border and international cooperation;
- Contribute to the peaceful settlement of the Transnistrian conflict.
- More than 7,000 staff members from the Mission’s partner services - mainly the border agencies of Moldova and Ukraine – have benefitted from training on EU standards and best practice in areas such as trade facilitation, risk analysis, leadership and management, examination and identification techniques, and public communication;
- 10 Joint Border Control Operations (JBCOs) carried out leading to numerous detections of smuggling activities, irregular migration and customs fraud. The Mission has also developed the Common Border Security Assessment Report (CBSAR), which alerts the border agencies of both countries to possible illegal activity and emerging trends, and allows them to better assess risks;
- In 2012, Moldovan and Ukrainian border-guard officers began joint patrolling of the common border for the first time, which EUBAM supported through capacity-building initiatives. EUBAM has helped partners improve their risk analysis systems that allow authorities to identity criminal threats;
- Monitoring of the implementation of the Joint Declaration that has seen hundreds of Transnistria-based companies register with the customs authorities in Chisinau. EUBAM played an important role in the resumption of passenger and cargo-rail traffic through Transnistria. In November 2011, EUBAM succeeded in bringing customs representatives from Chisinau and Tiraspol face to face for the first time in 10 years;
- EUBAM support was instrumental in getting the Jointly Operated Border Crossing Point (JOBCP) project at Rossoshany-Briceni off the ground in 2012. This is the first JOBCP on the Moldova-Ukraine border to operate according to EU standards;
- Technical support provided to its partners as they implement visa liberalization and Integrated Border Management action plans, including expertise and equipment for the demarcation of the Moldova-Ukraine border;
- Anti-corruption public awareness campaigns carried out through information boards at border crossing points, ‘Youth against Corruption’ schools, and university lectures. More than 6,000 students have participated in summer schools, lectures, schools presentations, competitions, and visits to the border.
|European Union||EUR 12,000,000||EUR 10,500,000|