Clima East Moldova: Climate change mitigation and ecosystem-based adaptation in Orhei National Park
The project is part of a larger EU "Clima East: Supporting Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Neighbourhood East and Russia" initiative, responding to the main biodiversity challenges in the Orhei National Park area (33,792 ha) and its buffer zone such as vulnerability to climate change, loss of biodiversity and forest area, deep soil erosion and landslides, pasture degradation and low grazing capacity of existing pastures.
A natural resource management model in the pastures and forests will be developed which will help increase ecosystems’ capacity to seize carbon under pending climate risks, while at the same time retaining biodiversity and economic values. These measures will help avert further deterioration of natural resources, sequestrate the carbon and reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, improve local pasture and forestry resources, promote better understanding of problems related to climate change impact and contribute to local and regional sustainable development.
- Develop innovative pasture and community forest management systems on the whole territory of the park;
- Rehabilitate 500 ha of pastures and afforest 150 ha of eroded and non-productive lands;
- Avert further deterioration of natural resources (biodiversity, land, forest), sequestrate the carbon and reduce the emission of greenhouse gases;
- Promote better understanding of problems related to climate change impacts on pasture and forest ecosystems and contribute to local/regional sustainable development.
- Pasture inventory for Orhei National Park carried out;
- Community pasture and forest management plans developed for Orhei National Park;
- 500 ha of pastures restored and 150 ha of degraded lands afforested;
- Monitoring system for carbon dividends and ecological integrity of the ecosystem in place and incorporated in the National Inventory Systems;
- Greenhouse gases removals enhanced through preventing soil erosion.
- Pasture inventory for Orhei National Park was carried out for 5890 ha of pasturelands;
- Community pasture and forest management plans was developed for 18 communities part of the Orhei National Park;
- 472 ha of pastures was restored which resulted in productivity increase by 2.43 times from 2,04 t hay/ha (2014) la 4,59 t hay/ha (2016);
- 150 ha of degraded lands was afforested using native and climate resilient species;
- Monitoring system for carbon dividends and ecological integrity of the ecosystem was developed;
- 7346,7 tCO2 was sequestrated in the result of afforestation activities, and CO2 accumulations on the restored pasturelands increased by 239% up to 17300 tCO2
- A guideline for sustainable management of community forests and pasturelands was developed.